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On behalf of local governments, UBCM engages on a range of issues that affect police services in BC:

Traffic Fine Revenue Sharing


The Traffic Fine Revenue Sharing (TFRS) agreement is an unconditional grant that returns 100% of net provincial traffic fine revenue (violation ticket fines minus provincial recovery costs) to local governments. This includes local governments under 5,000 in population, who receive traffic fine revenue through a reduction in the Police Tax. Traffic fine revenue is not allocated based on the jurisdiction where a ticket is issued, but rather the ratio of a local government’s policing costs to aggregate local government policing costs in BC.

There is a two year delay from when violation tickets are issued to when traffic fine revenue is distributed to local governments. For example, in 2017/18, local governments received $53.4 million in traffic fine revenue, based on violation tickets issued in 2015/16. While the intention is for grant money to be spent on enhancing community safety, ultimately it is up to the discretion of the local government.

UBCM to Minister Robinson Re: Traffic Fine Revenue Sharing [PDF - 88 KB] - Apr. 2018
Minister Robinson to UBCM Re: Traffic Fine Revenue Sharing [PDF - 619 KB] - Apr. 2018

RCMP Labour Relations


In January 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada, as part of its decision in Mounted Police Association of Ontario v Canada (Attorney General), ruled that the exclusion of the RCMP from the Public Sector Labour Relations Act violated the RCMP’s right to freedom of association. It subsequently ruled that the RCMP had the right to collective bargaining, similar to other members of the public service.

In March 2016, the federal government introduced Bill C-7, intended to create a new labour relations structure for RCMP members and reservists. Taking into account RCMP members’ preferences, the proposed legislation included collective bargaining rights, with binding arbitration as the method of dispute resolution.

The Senate passed Bill C-7 in June 2016 with several amendments requiring the House of Commons to re-consider the amended legislation. The amendments included broadening the scope of bargaining talks, providing a secret ballot decision when a bargaining agent comes forward to be certified, and allowing an arbitrator to interpret the RCMP Act. The federal government subsequently tabled amendments seeking a compromise between the Senate amendments and the need for aligning a new labour relations regime with what applies to other federal public servants. Ultimately, on June 19, 2017, Bill C-7 received Royal Assent, accepting the majority of Senate amendments. A management rights clause was added with the intention of preserving the powers of the RCMP Commissioner under the Act and ensuring RCMP operations remain effective and sustainable.

UBCM respects the right of RCMP Members to unionize, and advocates for a labour relations system that considers local government ability to pay, is affordable and sustainable, and provides for local government input.

Public Safety Canada to UBCM re: Bill C-7 [PDF - 574 KB] – Jan 2018
cá độ trực tuyến UBCM to Public Safety Canada re: Bill C-7 [PDF - 88 KB] – Oct 2017
UBCM to BC Senators re: Bill C-7 [PDF - 87 KB] – Oct 2017
Treasury Board of Canada to UBCM re: Bill C-7 [PDF - 819 KB] – Sep 2017
UBCM to Public Safety Canada re: Local Government Concerns with Bill C-7 [PDF - 132 KB] – April 2017
City of Revelstoke to Public Safety Canada re: Labour Relations Model [PDF - 108 KB] – Jan 2016
Public Safety Canada to Local Governments re: Labour Relations Feedback [PDF - 413 KB] – Jan 2016

RCMP Contract Management Committee Update – Dec 2016
Update on National Contract Management Committee – June 2016
RCMP Contract Management Committee Update – June 2016

RCMP Auxiliary Program

The RCMP Auxiliary Constable Program [PDF - 56 KB] has existed in British Columbia for over 50 years, and is governed by provincial policy, although general policy guidelines are issued by National Headquarters (Ottawa). Approximately half of all Canadian Auxiliary Constables are located in British Columbia.

Since Fall 2014, the RCMP Auxiliary Constable Program has been undergoing a safety review. Brought on by fatal incidents in Ottawa and Edmonton, this review sought to evaluate and amend the Program in a way that protected members and mitigated other safety risks. In January 2016, a number of recommendations were implemented (e.g. discontinuation of ride-alongs and firearms familiarization training, review of uniform options) that limited the duties performed by Auxiliaries. Later that year, the Province of BC and RCMP conducted reviews of the Program.

In October 2016, RCMP National Crime Prevention Services developed several options regarding the future of the Auxiliary Constable Program. These options included maintaining the Auxiliary Constable Program in its current form; only allowing Auxiliary Constables to participate in community policing activities; or developing a tiered system where the first tier would resemble option 2, with the third tier somewhat resembling the pre-January 2016 system. UBCM was not permitted by the RCMP to share a detailed options paper with local governments. A survey conducted by UBCM revealed that 91% of local government respondents preferred a tiered program, in part because of the flexibility it would provide local governments and detachments in setting Auxiliary Constable service levels. UBCM formally recommended to the RCMP that Option 3 be implemented, as well as improvements to the consultation process with local governments. On December 22, 2016, the RCMP announced that it would move to a tiered model, consistent with the results of UBCM’s member survey. This new model will allow divisions and contract partners to choose one or a mixture of tiers based on local needs and circumstances.

As of January 2017, all three tiers [PDF - 525 KB] are now in effect. Activities will vary depending on the chosen tier, but can include:

  • public safety education;
  • crime prevention initiatives;
  • assistance at major events;
  • traffic control; and/or
  • general duty operational patrols with RCMP Members.

Each tier comes with unique costs, training and administrative requirements.

UBCM to Province re: RCMP Auxiliary Constable Program Options Paper [PDF - 737 KB] – Nov 2016
UBCM to RCMP re: Auxiliary Constable Program Review [PDF - 193 KB] – Oct 2016

RCMP to Implement Tiered Auxiliary Constable Model – Jan 2017
UBCM Members Favour Tiered Auxiliary Constable Program – Nov 2016
RCMP Seeking Input on Auxiliary Constable Program – Oct 2016
Provincial Review of Auxiliary Constable Program – Apr 2016

RCMP Contract Five Year Review


In accordance with article 22 of the Provincial Police Service Agreement (PPSA), Canada and the Provinces and Territories may use a Five Year Review mechanism to analyze and address substantive issues arising out of the implementation of the PPSA. Article 21.1 of the Municipal Police Unit Agreement (MPUA) dictates that amendments resulting from the review will be applicable to, and binding on, the MPUA.

In 2015, UBCM worked with the Province to solicit feedback in order to best represent local government interests to the federal government. Articles were published in UBCM’s weekly newsletter, The Compass; and the Local Government Contact Management Committee (LGCMC) Co-Chairs sent a letter directly to mayors of impacted municipalities.

A final report on local government feedback was submitted to the Province in February 2016. The submission, made on behalf of local governments, noted trends in requests for changes or additions to police service agreements. The original deadline for completion of the Review was April 2017.

Working groups are currently focused on implementing recommendations. Big themes coming out of the Review are the need for improved consultation, clarifying roles and responsibilities (e.g. through edits to the Companion Document), and improved implementation of the agreements. The Province has agreed to address all major BC local government issues that were raised in UBCM’s report, but were not approved to be part of the Five Year Review.

UBCM Submission to Province re: Five Year Review of RCMP Agreements [PDF - 558 KB] – Feb 2016
Province to UBCM re: Five Year Review of RCMP Agreements [PDF - 255 KB] – Mar 2016
UBCM to Affected Mayors re: Five Year Review of RCMP Agreements [PDF - 66 KB] – Dec 2015

RCMP Contract Management Committee Update – Dec 2016
RCMP Five Year Review Update – June 2016
Local Government Feedback on RCMP Contract – Feb 2016
Final Deadline for RCMP Contract Feedback – Jan 2016
Deadline Nearing to Submit RCMP Contract Feedback – Sep 2015
Update on National RCMP Contract Management Committee – June 2015

Police Funding


British Columbia’s Police Act specifies that municipalities with populations over 5,000 people must assume responsibility for their police services. Under the 20-year Provincial Police Service Agreement (PPSA), those with populations of 5,000 – 14,999 are responsible for 70% of the cost base, while those with populations of 15,000 or greater are responsible for 90% of the cost base. Municipalities under 5,000 people and unincorporated areas are required to pay the Police Tax, which covers a portion of the costs incurred by the Province to police those areas.

UBCM received correspondence in February 2016 from the provincial Minister of Public Safety and Solicitor General, broadly outlining a provincial offer to discuss police funding in British Columbia, and in particular a new method for funding municipalities under 5,000.

The UBCM President responded with a request for information regarding the impetus for the Province to consider a police funding review, and also provided clarification of UBCM’s policy regarding police resources. Minister Morris then met with UBCM regarding the issue, and issued a formal response clarifying the Province’s rationale for such a review.

Although there has been no recent discussion regarding, police funding may become a more significant issue depending on how a new labour relations regime for the RCMP develops and its impact on policing affordability.

Province to UBCM re: Police Funding [PDF - 989 KB] – May 2016
UBCM to Province re: Police Funding [PDF - 90 KB] – Mar 2016
Province to UBCM re: Police Funding [PDF - 589 KB] – Feb 2016

Province Considers Police Funding Review – Apr 2016

External Resources on Police Services

BC Policing and Community Safety Plan
Policing Agreements
Police Resources in BC
Policing Legislation in BC


Bhar Sihota
Policy Analyst
bsihota@ cá độ trực tuyến www.sellmusiconlinelikecrazy.com
604 270 8226 ext. 114

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